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University: NHS Leadership Academy
You are required to write an essay of 4,000 words.
Structure and guidance - 1 Introduction
Prepare a debate where there is a distinction between leadership and management and examine how academic theory impacts organisations when they create leadership development programmes. Next, introduce the essay. Review the leadership and management literature and evaluate the leadership development programme, based on the literature you reviewed.
2 – Examine leadership and management literature/theories -
Determine and explain the concepts of leadership and management; identify similarities and differences between them.
You are required to explain two of the following leadership theories:
3 - Analyse the leadership development programme --
4 - Conclusion
Give a summary of your findings on leadership and management, and the analysis of the leadership development programme.
5 - References (not included in the word count) --
Leadership define as the process of setting new vision and direction or vision for the group which is followed by workers as to achieve desire aims and objectives effectively. Whereas management controls and direct people and resources in a group according to principles or the value which have established effectively (Anderson and Sun 2017). A Leader personally invest in the task and projects and demonstrate a high level of passion for work. They usually motivate employees and encourage them to accomplish the goal effectively. Whereas management provide all the resources to workers and also manage the working environment effectively. Managers have formal duties and liable for all the action which are useful for the organisation. They comes with little authority and the privilege to promote, hire the skills employees and reward on the basis of performance.
Both Leadership and management are both important competencies which add the value for expansion and growth of the firm. In an organisation managers lays down the structure and delegates the authority and responsibility and leaders provide direction by the developing the organisation vision and communicating it to the employees and inspire them to achieve the aims and objective effectively. While manager monitor, plan and staff the activities which are going in the organisation whereas leaders focus on listening, building relationship, teamwork, inspire and motivates as to persuade the followers. In this report , review on leadership and management take place to understand there roles within the organisation. Beside this, there are concept and theory of leadership is been used in this report to and identify the similarities among them. It is essential to understand the leadership training as it improve the skills and ability to achieve desire aims and objective effectively. This report also covers about the NHS leadership which is useful in achieving desire aims and objectives effectively.Â
As per the author....In every organisation leadership is vital as it provide direction and goal to subordinates to achieve desire aims and objectives effectively. These theories are bases on their characteristics or on their style there are some theories which summarise about the define roles and objectives of the organisation. As main purpose such kind of theory is to establish desire objectives for the company. Theories try to put it all together so to understand how managers use different method and techniques as per the situation and to achieve desire objectives effectively. There difference between leadership and managers are given below in detail manner:
Leadership: This is an art of motivating the group of people to achieve desire aims and objectives as to fulfil the needs and requirement of the company. In the context of organisation the have responsibility to direct workers and colleagues with a strategy to meet the company needs effectively (Baltaci and BalcÃÂ±, 2017). The effective leadership is based upon the ideas and they must be communicated to others in such a way in which organisation can meet the effective outcomes as per the needs and requirement of firm.
Management: This is essential for an organisation as this aid to manage and control the activities which are essential for any enterprise to improve efficiency of the employees. This means getting things done to achieve life objectives and managing an organisation means getting things done in well define manner. For the organisation management tend to device working structure effectively. Here are some theories which are explained briefly down below:
This is theory which is relatively use new approach to leadership which focus on how leaders can create value as well as positive change in the organisation. This theory was given by MacGregor Burns which introduce the concept of transformational leadership when studying needs and requirement of the company. This theory is supported by the effective research correlating transformational leadership to bring out the positive outcomes effectively. Such kind of theory help in validating theory to put emphasis on morale and value in leadership. However such theory are mainly based upon the leadership questionnaire as to develop effective outcomes.
Hence these kind of leadership is widely used in by the leaders as to implement new technology as to increase the productivity of the firm in the well define manner. Apart from this it also create high performance workforce which become increasingly important and to do business and leaders must able to inspire organisational members to go beyond their task and requirement. These leadership style are found at all the level of the firm such as in department, division and organisation as a whole. These kind of leaders are visionary, inspiring and risk takers which is very important nowadays to achieve desire aims and objectives. Along with this, they have charismatic appeal as this tend employees to motive and also focus to achieve desire aims and objective effectively.
They are totally different from the management as they work as the given set rules whereas transformational leaders create new rules and to accomplish target effectively. In this theory the leader of organisation is proactive and implement new policies and work culture as to improve the working culture and productivity of the firm effectively (Bloechl, Michalicki and Schneider 2017). However they motivates and empower employees to achieve company objectives by appealing the higher ideals and moral values. In result workforce is been encouraged and transcend there own interest to meet the target in a well define manner. In order to bring major changes the transformational leadership must exhibit the following four factor:
Inspirational motivation: The foundation of transformational leadership is the promotion of consistent vision, mission, and set of values to the members. For the organisation vision must be clear as ease for workers to work and achieve desire aims and objectives effectively. In the context of organisation leaders guide the follower by providing them a sense of challenges and task through which they can enthusiastically foster the spirit of teamwork and the commitment. Motivation plays an vital role in overcoming all the hurdles and outcomes efficiently in a give time frame.
Intellectual stimulation: Such leaders empower the followers to become more innovative as well as creative. Apart from this, they encourage the new ideas from the follower and never criticise them publicly for the mistake committed by them. The company found the problems and make sure to focus on achieving desire aims and objectives effectively. In these kind of leadership the organisation have open culture and each employee have authority to take decision regarding there work. It increase the efficiency and productivity of the organisation as well being of employees to some extent. As it also minimize the hesitation in discarding the practise set by them as to fulfil the need and requirement of the firm.
Influence workforce: In such kind of factor leaders believe in philosophy that leader can influence the followers only when they practises what leaders have taught. The role of the leaders and management is to make sure that workers are following all the rules and objectives in the well define manner. Such leaders always win the trust and respect the followers through there action and this aid to bring out the best performance and work of employees effectively. The use of power by such employees demonstrate the high ethical code of conduct and the use of power by the leaders to personal gain for them.
Individualized consideration: Leaders act as the mentor which shows right path and goal for employees which create effectiveness and creativity present in the employees. Hence the followers are treated differently as per their skills and knowledge. They are empowered to make effective decision which are supported by the leaders which accomplish the vision of the company in the shorter time period.
The current environment is characterized by uncertainty and global turbulence which create instability in the organisation. In order to reduce the impact firm have focus on the work environment to as this reduce conflict and chaos and manage the workforce for achieving the outcomes effectively (Bush, 2018). The followers of such kind of leaders demonstrate the high level of job satisfaction and organized commitment to engage the organisational citizenship behaviour. With such kind of workforce it help to increase the effort to develop new ways to improvise the organisation culture to make effective decision for betterment and growth of the company.
Is related to the study of personality of human being which includes emotions , behaviour and many more. It measures the traits of a person personality and work on that particular trait like self-confidence, competency , inspiring , extroverted or introverted . For example if a person is extrovert then he or she will have ego issues , straight forward nature and on the other hand if a person is introverted individual will lack social skills and also is unable to lead the followers. Organisation can use this theory for comparison of traits between individual and also assessment of your own abilities.
Qualities of leader can be compared to other individual in the organisation. The trait model of leadership is based upon some characteristic of different leaders which are used to predict the individual effectiveness. In result the traits are compared to those potential leaders who assess their likelihood of success or failure. In other words, organisation take use trait approach to attempted to identify the physiological and demographic background of workers. This is the responsibility of leaders and manager to figure the behaviour of the person by the assistance of this model which increase the outcomes effectively. Successful leaders definitely have interest and ability for the personality traits which are totally different from those who are less effective leaders.
Trait theory also focuses on the difference between leaders and followers with the assumption that people in leadership position would display more traits than those who comes under managers. This kind of theory was proposed by the Thomas Carlyle believed that ability shape the leaders personality which lead to success and growth. Managers can utilize the information from the theory to figure to evaluate their position in the organisation and to figure out position of company effectively. The trait approach theory of course comes with the different values which organisation must follow as to meet the constant need and demand of consumer. Here are some pros and cons of trait leadership theory which are useful for organisation.
This theory is useful for the organisation as this provide a basic foundation for leaders and management of the company (Bush, Bell and Middlewood 2019). This also provide platform against which the leadership traits can be assessed to each and every workers as to explore there superiors personality and behaviour effectively. Apart from this it also help give detail information regarding the understanding the role of leaders elements in the leadership process which create an open environment for the company as well as for workers to meet the working standard for the company.
This is ineffective which is bound to be subjective judgement in determining the regards as nature of leaders effectively. There are different list of traits which are lengthy and this become difficult for the workers to figure out the behaviour of the leaders effectively. Meanwhile others have taken a contingency approach to leadership which is certain and can be more effective in some situation.
The Trait theory provide constructive information about the leadership and it can applied by the all level in every organisation. Managers can utilize all the vital information from the theory to figure out the position within the company and to access the current positioning preset in firm to make organisation more stronger and effective. With the assistance of this theory person can understand the leaders behaviour and how other will effect in the organisation. This theory makes the manager aware of their strength and weakness and thus they help to get realise how they can evolve the leadership quality. In order to improve traits this is essential for the firm to use such model which help in analyse the candidates personality and which allow them to understand the personality which can be beneficial for the company for a long term. It also describe about the effectiveness of leader who pay attention to group members as well as take care of workers to fulfil there needs and requirement effectively.
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Leadership training build the gap between the type of organisation culture where the leaders thinks that they are creating a new type culture which is essential for the individual to expand and explore business effectively. By introducing leadership and management training programmes, leaders will receive feedback and how they are effected by the employees who achieve desire aims and objectives to some extent. Understanding how the action affect the other that rely on them directly or indirectly which is present in the organisation. This kind of training improve the organisation perspective and how they are influence and they can be effected by such influence on the overall culture.
Evaluation the effectiveness of leadership helps leaders strategies and techniques which can be employed to encourage the durable effectiveness, performance and productivity of the organisation and its members. The management training provide all the essential feedback which the managers can turn into immediate feedback (Castillo and Hallinger 2018). Management training provides feedback that managers can turn into immediate actions. Leadership training programs exist after years of extensive research to help those trusted with the weary task of determinant and guiding others. Finally, leaders and coach of organizations are liable for creating and maintaining a formative culture as this tend to retain employees for the longer time duration effectively.
Leadership training include change as per the market so company can improvise the change as per the need and wants to achieve larger market share effectively. This programme provide material ensure those strength which are explored as well mastered in building effective mentor to those who are surrounding in the workplace. In the fast changing world this has been analysed that digitization take place and this essential for organisation to make sure that each and every employees have to proper training given by respective leaders as this aid in fulfil the needs and requirement of organisation effectively.
Strong and efficient leadership is significant which is useful for both the individuals and company as it offer effective development of leadership opportunities and also enhance the morale of employees, profitability and loyalty. Here, integrating effective leadership skills and education are useful in present operations of company as it helps in achieve success and growth. Depends on the prominent skills, a leader can make suitable working environment needs to be better. For this, strong leaders are important as it take strides which facilitate the important skills towards the enhancement of productivity and performance. Leaders are the significant line of an organisation and specifically for the leadership and management as both of them are go hand in hand. For this, the purpose of employees is to assume the particular leadership roles as they are not sure about the suitable course of action and because of all this, leadership becomes important. The competitive advantage of business depends on the abilities and also add value to it. Values are derived by using and optimising suitable knowledge with the help of technology, products, system and structure. Depending on the skills, few efforts are described towards the importance of leadership development and training which are as follows:
Employee satisfaction: Effective and efficient leadership is important among the employees which provide suitable satisfaction to them and also has been termed as the most influential component which is makes the professional environment appealing (Deters, 2017). For this, developing positive relations among employees and superiors is useful in enhancing the productivity and attitude. Opportunities are useful in permitting the prominent rewards and also identify the suitable style of leadership which is best suited for the group and business environment which does not only enhances the relations among employees but also useful in exhibiting the growth for the sake of company.Â
Company success: Better and effective leader is the one who can bring success towards the company and also enhances the betterment for it. For this, success factor comes form the other components which are strong and growing in terms of growth and because of all this, employees feel motivated and encouraged in order to achieve goals and objectives and also motivate employees to perform in effective and efficient manner. Instead of having managers and supervisors, leaders motivate employees by their own ways in order to develop authoritarian plan as it helps in making sure about the suitable skills which are important and required for the effective leadership throughout their career. It is also useful in improving the involvement level and completion of objectives of individuals at the company level.Â
Talent scouting: Despite of seeking and having external applicants, leadership training and development efforts allows to identify and determine the existing employees that has the potential to become the great leader as it provide great opportunity to individuals. Raising and enhancing the competence as it helps in identifying the strong and appropriate candidates for the leadership post and other concerning opportunities which is useful for the enhancement of important skills of the present leaders. Motivating and enhancing the growth from the organisation is useful in focusing on the importance of strong and effective leadership practices of employees which is useful in improving the loyalty of company and efficiency.Â
Balance seeking: Successful leaders of company need to be able to regularly adjust their methods to manage both the workforce and procedure of company. For this, priorities are important for the prosperity of business in order to provide continuous leadership training and development which allows employees to enhance their methods and also add it to their leadership and efficiency skills. Leadership skills can be attain in easily but the tough part is to apply and implement them in the presence of employees. An effective leadership consider suitable activities which is useful from the perspective of employees and become the major component of any skills which is developed in this duration.
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Therefore, effective leadership is developed by leaders as they can track the progress in efficiently and also set suitable goals and objectives to achieve and make implications of programme to achieve success. As it impacts the productivity of organisations and overall development which can drive their performance to downfall and in regard of this, appropriate skills are required which are useful for employees to enhance profitability.
The leadership programme which is used in this report is The Edward Jenner programme as this help in building a strong foundation of leadership skills which help to improve the confidence and the competence in the role. Thus this programme support as the person develop essential leadership skills which is open to and it lead to an NHS leadership award effectively. This also improve the deal the challenges of working in the healthcare or in any sector as this provide information how they can provide better service and product to consumer. This programme is designed with the health as well as care of staff who are working in the health and care context. The highly practical and patient focused its great way to figure out the purpose, challenges and the culture of NHS. This is flexible and enlightening to get fresh perspective in which it impact the person experience effectively. This programmes is designed to provide flexibility in result this increase the efficiency and provide platform to achieve desire aims and objectives effectively.
The Edward Jenner programme is an open access, online learning package which support to develop essential package which support to develop essential leadership for the company and also for the individual. The programmes will support you as to support and develop essential leadership skill open to all this programmes which leads to an NHS leadership academy. Here some benefits which are explained briefly from the perception of individual and organisation in a detail manner.
These programmes are designed for the colleagues who are new to healthcare or they want to become an aspiring leader for the career perspective. This also help in building own personal leadership development who delivered in two levels. As there is launch and foundation are online and free access to each and every one to access to each employees who can utilise there time to study and take benefits of the programme effectively (FrunzÃÆ, 2017). The enables person to become the part of the academy wider membership which connect with other health and social care colleagues and peer on the programmes to share the idea and it also help in building the network to solve the difficulty present in the organisation. Hence this also help in creating a strong network of support which aid person to improve there skills and productivity in the well define manner. Apart from this, Edward Jenner programmes help in creating new and innovative method to improve the complexity and improvement of the work in the organisation as well as in patient.
This programme has been designed with the health and care workforce for every working in health and care context, working across all the levels which support the work and productivity. This also support the healthcare professionals in the first step on their leadership journey. This offers support and learning to build personal resilience and confidence and capabilities which individual can take back to the organisation. Further the launch and particular content means that the participant apply new skills and work for the improvement and take initiative to achieve desire goal for the company.
As total of 21 learning sessions have been created on the fundamental of leadership and the eligibility criteria for this programme for that individual must be from any clinical background, a newly qualified clinician and wants to build career in leadership role effectively. The programme has been redesigned to offer even more flexibility; Launch takes up to five hours and Foundations is designed to be studied over six weeks. The three things must be kept in mind before entering in this programmes firstly it is time consuming as these have online secession where all the study material is provides. So the person must have effective decision which leads to expansion and growth effectively. Hence it is essential to manage the time and other activities so that programme can be carried forward effectively.
Secondly the programme provide overall experience to be more exciting, engaging and something which really want to do. As they offer different method and techniques through which they help in increasing the opportunities and provide better impact to reduce the working experience effectively. As the programme provide effective loads of information and knowledge which is useful for the person as to increase there objective to fulfil the need and want effectively. Along with this it tend to offer new experience which also help to think differently and stand out from the organisation. Not only can you learn from the content, we hope you also get to learn more about how new technologies and the digital world can reshape the way we engage with our patients, communities and citizens.
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From the above the stated report this has been analysed that leadership and management both are important in the organisation as this motivates the person who starts the work by communicating the policies and plans to the subordinates from where the work is done effectively. As the good leaders provide better and supervise and guide the work for the subordinates and it also help to fulfil the needs and wants effectively. The leaders have responsibility to show the right path and improve the skills and productivity. Apart from this it also improve the confidence by expressing the work efforts to the subordinates and also explaining them about their role and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals impelling. It is also crucial to hear the employees with regards to their complaints and difficulty.
Where as the management focus on maintaining the structure and hierarchy which is beneficial for the firm as this also aid employees to achieve the stable growth, hence it also facilitate individual to build an effective relationship which allow the firm to overcome all the problems and hurdle in the organisation. Furthermore the workers have to work effectively to create effectively work environment which allow to make workers to be motivated and to accomplish desire goals and objectives effectively. This also been concluded that Edward Jenner programme is essential for the individual as this improve the effectiveness and productivity of the person to sustain for the longer time duration. It is also been analysed that Leadership, encourages and stimulates action from workers by innovating them in planning and decision making activities.
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