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    Effects Of Medical Errors In Gastrointestinal Surgery On The Patient's Health

    Introduction Of Effects Of Medical Errors In Gastrointestinal Surgery On The Patient's Health

    Surgical teams often engage in the activities that some time results in attaining the medical error while performing surgery. There are various medical mistakes that often arises in the hospital while treating the patient and the common mistake which has been witnessed is that they treat wrong patients as staff fails to confirm the identity of the individual (Ukkonen and et.al., 2016). The present assignment focuses on analysing the effects of medical errors in gastrointestinal surgery on the health and well-being of the patient.

    Errors that take place in gastrointestinal (GI) surgery

     The gastrointestinal surgery is associated with the digestive system in the human body in the particular organ such as stomach and intestine. Therefore, it has been assessed that while performing the surgery, it might result in accomplishing different medical error which is in the form of surgical error while performing surgery (10 Shocking medical mistakes, 2012). The common reason for the surgical error is insufficient preoperative planning by the surgeon. It has been assessed that while engaging in gastrointestinal surgery it is required by the surgeon to be prepared and plan for the surgery so that it can minimize the level of error and complication. Along with this, another surgical error that often occurs while performing surgery results in retaining of surgical items in the body of patient (Pearse and et.al., 2014). This is considered as the major error which takes place in the gastrointestinal surgery as surgeon lefts the instrument in the body of patients.

    Through reviewing the national statistic and database, it has been assessed that over the past 17 years, 1,946,831 operations have been held of children and it has been seen that in 413 cases, the surgeons committed mistake of leaving the instrument in the body (Pediatric Medical Errors Most Common for Gynecological, GI Surgery, 2010). These medical errors as well as incidents often occur while engaging in the gynaecological surgery or GI surgery etc. Lastly, another error which takes place in the surgery include injury or cutting off the wrong artery, nerve or vein at the time carrying out the surgery. Therefore, all these errors take place while performing gastrointestinal surgery.

    Complication After Performing Gastrointestinal Surgery

      After performing gastrointestinal surgery, it might results in arousing certain complication and problem to the patient which mainly results in anastomotic leakage, wound infection, etc.  anastomotic leakage is considered as the dreaded complication after performing the surgery (Burgos,  Csendes and Braghetto, 2013). It mainly occurs when there is a regeneration of the incorrect intestinal tissue within the anastomosis. Along with this, it also act that while performing improper surgery there is a breakdown within anastomosis whose outcome in leakage of the fluid from the body that sometime leads to the high risk for the human. Whereas, another complication that arises after performing or executing the gastrointestinal surgery includes wound infection.

    It mainly occurs in the situation when bacteria or any microorganism enters the body while performing surgery (Zimmitti and et.al., 2013). If the surgeon while engaging in the treatment  do not take proper care of the hygiene that is washing hand or putting gloves, sterilising the equipment, etc. then this would increase the risk of wound infection among the patients. Therefore, to treat the wound infection surgeon may engage in cleaning the wound with debridement so that it may remove the dead tissue.

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    The Effects of These Medical Errors on The Health of Patients

     Medical errors within the hospital are constantly increasing which has affected the health of the patient badly. The key impact of above medical error such as retention of surgical items, injury or cutting off wrong arteries or vein negatively affects the patient’s health. For instance, if the doctor is unaware regarding the error that they have kept the surgical item in the body of the patient then it results in enabling the wound infection. Thus, it adversely impacts the individual health as constant pain is witnessed by the individual in their body (Pucher, Aggarwal and Darzi, 2014).

    The consequences of Anastomosis leakage within the patient results in impacting the quality of life. On the other, with the wound infection, it might result in death of the patient as it is considered the key source through which blood is transfused in the human body. Along with this, injuring the wrong nerve might also affect the health of the patient by causing numbness over the body as well as pain in the whole body. In addition Business Assignment to this, the above medical error in the surgery also affects the health of a patient in terms that it might result in affecting the intestine area that might results in breaking of anastomosis which will further increase the leakage of fluids.

    From the above-aforementioned report, it is concluded that engaging in gastrointestinal surgery may result in affecting the health of service user in the most adverse way which can also cause death of the patient.  

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    • Burgos, A. M., Csendes, A. and Braghetto, I., 2013. Gastric stenosis after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in morbidly obese patients. Obesity surgery. 23(9). pp.1481-1486.
    • Pearse, R. M. and et.al., 2014. Effect of a perioperative, cardiac output–guided hemodynamic therapy algorithm on outcomes following major gastrointestinal surgery: A randomized clinical trial and systematic review. Jama. 311(21). pp.2181-2190.
    • Pucher, P.H., Aggarwal, R. and Darzi, A., 2014. Surgical ward round quality and impact on variable patient outcomes. Annals of surgery. 259(2). pp.222-226.
    • Ukkonen, M. and et.al., 2016. Severe Sepsis in Elderly Patients Undergoing Gastrointestinal Surgery—a Prospective Multicenter Follow-up Study of Finnish Intensive Care Units. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 20(5). pp.1028-1033.
    • Zimmitti, G. and et.al., 2013. Greater complexity of liver surgery is not associated with an increased incidence of liver-related complications except for bile leak: an experience with 2,628 consecutive resections. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 17(1). pp.57-65.
    • Pediatric Medical Errors Most Common for Gynecological, GI Surgery. 2010. 

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